In countries like India, borewells are one of the major sources of drinking water. Borewell water is more or less safe to drink, but it isn’t 100% free of contaminants and has a high level of hardness. If the TDS levels in the borewell you’re using are above 300pm, it can be hazardous to your health. The TDS levels of the water you’re consuming can be assessed with the help of a TD meter, which will help you to measure the levels of contaminants, including bacteria, viruses, and heavy metals. If a borewell is the major source of your water for your daily needs, it’s best to find a suitable purification method to ensure your safety and health.
What Is TDS?
Water can be loaded with hazardous chemicals and is devoid of all-natural minerals. To avoid the consumption of water with contaminants, one must use a proper filtration process to remove all chemicals and ensure that the water is safe to drink. The main pollutants that are present in the water are referred to as total dissolved solids or TDS. These are larger than 2 microns and are not removed from the water through the normal filtration process. A fine filter removes particles that are up to 0.45 microns in size, and the contaminants that remain consist of charged atoms and ions. The presence of TDS in water affects the taste and odor and can be extremely harmful if its levels are moderate or high.
Does Borewell Water Have A High TDS?
Yes, borewells have a high TDS, especially when compared to other water sources such as a tank or municipal. According to the Times of India, the TDS level of borewell water is generally around 500 parts per milligram or higher, this is much higher than tds of home water. 300-500 parts per milligram or ppm of TDS in the water means that the water quality is poor and not recommended for drinking at all. With such high TDS levels, Borewell water suffers from problems like water hardness and contamination. This makes it difficult to consume borewell water directly.
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Other Major Concerns With Borewell Water In India
Mud is one of the most unsafe contaminants and is frequently found in borewell water. Water from borewells with shallow water levels often has a brown undertone, indicating the presence of mud particles. However, the good part is the fact that muddy water is easy to filter. Begin by ensuring that the depth of the pump meets the actual depth. A compressor can be installed to pump the water till all the impurities are removed, and clear water remains. The best way to remove mud, however, is by using a RO water purifier. A UV water purifier because it’s incapable of removing solid contaminants. An RO filter not only removes mud but also reduces hardness and other contaminants.
Hard water is water that possesses a high mineral content. It depends on the amount of calcium and magnesium dissolved in the water. It can alter the taste of water by making it a little sour. Hardness can be measured with the help of a TDS Meter. Water can be considered to be hard when the TDS of water is 200 milligrams per liter or above. It’s not necessary to filter hard water and depends on personal choice. Some even believe that hard water can contribute to your nutritional health and provide you with magnesium and calcium. However, it can stain surfaces and clothes and also cause your skin and scalp to itch. Hard water can be softened using chlorine drops, water softeners, and softening tablets. Often when filtered out, it leaves calcium scums and sticky residue.
Borewell water has a highly unpleasant smell. It occurs even in bore wells with a TDS concentration as less as 1 ppm. In this case, using softeners is not recommended at all because traditional water softeners are salt-based and can worsen the problem. To avoid this, borewells should be regularly maintained. However, the best way to control the smell is by investing in a purification system with activated carbon and charcoal filters. This can eliminate any sort of odor and smell and also improves safety and purity.
4. Heavy Metals
Heavy metals are toxic and can cause poisoning if consumed. Borewell water can contain heavy metals, including arsenic, lead, and fluoride, which are dangerous and cause health hazards like organ damage, nerve damage, cancer, and stunt growth. Borewell water should be tested regularly in a lab to determine the presence of heavy metals and know their quantity. This is important to decide on a filter action process depending on the quality and quantity of heavy metals. Usually, a reverse osmosis system is the best option, especially if metals like lead and fluoride are present. Along with RO filtration, Activated Carbon and UV or UF can help eliminate any remaining bacteria or virus.
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Why Do You Need To Reduce The TDS In Borewell Water?
Borewell water has high TDS levels. Moreover, heavy metals like arsenic, lead, and fluoride can often be found in borewell water. Short-term exposure to arsenic can cause vomiting and diarrhea, while long-term exposure can cause serious health problems like cancer. Lead can cause long-term health hazards, including kidney problems and high blood pressure. It can also lead to neurological issues or organ failure. All heavy metals have numerous health issues.
Moreover, using hard water can also lead to calcium scum, stained surfaces, pipes, clothes and utensils, and other problems. This is why to avoid all these issues; it’s essential to reduce the water TDS levels. Water is suitable for consumption if the TDS levels are between 50-250z.
Ways To Reduce TDS In Borewell Water
1. Reverse Osmosis
A reverse osmosis filter is the best option to purify borewell water at home. A RO purifier is the only option that can eliminate heavy metals like arsenic and lead with the help of a RO membrane. RO purifiers also come with activated carbon or UV filters to remove bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms. Besides this, RO filters also soften hard water and improve the water’s taste, odor, and color. A drawback of RO filters is the fact that it wastes 75% of the water. However, in a household, this problem is not much of an issue because 25% of purified water can be used for drinking while the rest can be used for tasks such as washing clothes or cleaning.
Distillation is a process that involves using subjective boiling and subsequent condensation to convert a liquid into vapor and then back into liquid to remove impurities. Borewell water can be distilled using a distillation unit.
Ions are electrically charged atoms or molecules. They can be positively charged or negatively charged. Deionization eliminates ionized salts naturally present in water with the help of specially manufactured ionized resins. Resins are small plastic beads that are made of organic polymer chains. These polymer chains have charged functional groups embedded into the resin bed. Deionization helps remove all dissolved salts from the water. Usually, the water is passed through reverse osmosis first to remove non-ionized contaminants. However, this method can be undertaken when there is a large amount of water in question.
The TDS level can affect the taste, odor, and smell of the water as well as have a considerable impact on your health. Checking the TDS level regularly, and putting precautionary purifying measures beforehand is extremely useful, especially in the long run. The water puffier you decide to use depends on the TDS levels in your water, your budget, and your personal preference. Depending on the TDS level you can choose between RO, UF, or UV water purifiers. The most efficient combination however is a RO+UV/UF water purifier along with a TDS Controller. Installing the right purifier will help you monitor the TDS content and ensure your drink safe purified water. When it comes to your health, it’s important to prioritize safe consumption! Get your water tested now, to stay hydrated and stay safe.