Air Coolers VS Air Conditioners – Which One To Buy ?

Summers are exhausting as the sun drains out all our energy. But of course, we have no option but to deal with the extreme weather by using the most comforting products and lifestyle. It can lead to dehydration, heat strokes, headache, dryness, nausea, dizziness, cramps, or vomiting. To avoid all these problems, we can stock up our homes with great food which shall keep us cool or maybe even end us avoiding the sun to a great extent.

In all, that one thing which becomes extremely crucial is a great source of air or say cool air to keep you calm and composed while fighting the summer. We can even say that a good source of air cooling can make your lives the most comfortable during the striking hot summer days.

So, now the point that strikes our minds is ‘what to opt for Air Cooler or Air Conditioner?’

Air Cooler or Air Conditioner?

The answer lies in your needs, budget, and environment. Let us explore the basic differences which shall help you in understanding the use case of each of these devices.

1. The Price Factor: Air coolers are cheaper in comparison to Air conditioners

This is the most basic yet a trivial fact that a buyer should know. Usually, the most basic model of an air conditioner costs around Rs 30,000 and the price keeps on increasing with different specifications and might go up to Rs 50,000. Whereas if we look at the price range of air coolers, these cost less than 50% of the initial cost of air conditioners. For context, air coolers range from Rs 3,000 to Rs 15,000. You can get some really reliable ones for under 10,000.

Added to the purchase cost, we also have to see the eye-opening operating costs. For instance, if you opt to go for an Air cooler instead of an Air conditioner, then the electricity bill that you will end up paying would be just 20% of what you would have paid for the Air conditioner.

2. Installation Charges: No installation charges for an Air Cooler about an Air Conditioner

One big factor that makes people especially students to opt for an Air cooler is the fact that no installation is required for it. The fact that an air cooler provides you with flexibility of movement and relaxation from any installation charges makes it the choice over any air conditioner.

On the other hand, if we discuss the installation process of an air conditioner, then the steps go on and on. Firstly you need to chop off the bars of the window where you wish to put the Air Conditioner and seal the extra space. And then if you are opting for a split Air Conditioner, then you need to be ready for all the drills on your wall.

3. Water Tank: Air Conditioners are tank less, and Air Coolers require excessive refilling

The biggest con of an Air cooler is the fact that you need to refill the water tank multiple times. It is a mind-boggling task. And now you must be thinking that you can do it, how hectic it can be, and more and more. But the truth being, at the early days of the purchase you surely, will feel energetic but as days shall pass by you would get tired of the whole process. Adding to this, if you live in a locality where water scarcity is eminent, then you will get in trouble.

On the other hand, an Air conditioner does not expect any kind of extra pampering on a daily basis. All you need to focus on is to get your Air conditioner serviced twice a year.

4. Environment Friendly: An Air cooler wins

Air cooler functions in a manner that it replaces the hot air with cool air (with the help of water). This is of course extremely eco-friendly, and you can even say organic. Whereas an Air conditioner cools the internal air and makes the area around the compressor much hotter.

Added to this the old models of Air conditioners are filled with CFLs for cooling purpose, which is, of course, harmful to the environment.

5. Humidity factor: Air coolers aren’t charming on the days of extreme humidity

One of the worst things about an Air cooler is that they lose their charm during the days of humidity. This is because the way that this work makes them inefficient during long humid days. An air cooler makes the air cool by transferring water to the air, and if the weather is already humid, then there is no space for more water in the atmosphere which was to be provided by the cooler. However, there are steps you can use to reduce air cooler humidity. While Air conditioners work like a dream due to its compressor technology.

6. Air Delivery: Air coolers produce fresh air

An air cooler is believed to circulate fresh air in a room as it constantly pulls the air and cools it down. On the other hand, an air conditioner is said to emit stale air which is because it is cooling the same batch of air again and again and supplying it.

Characteristics: Air Cooler vs Air Conditioner

By definition, An Air cooler uses water to cool the air. An Air conditioner can work in both the hot and cold environments. Its task is to transform the levels of humidity and temperature of an area. They are also called as wet air cooler, desert cooler, evaporative cooler Air Conditioner

FactorsAir CoolerAir Conditioner
Initial Cost High Low
Installation Professional assistance neededNone
Power Consumption High 20% as that of ACs
Environmental hazardsPromotes global warmingNone
Insulation requirementsClosed space neededNot necessary

1. Cost:

Air coolers

Air coolers on the other hand are quite inexpensive. The initial cost of an air cooler is around 80% less than that of an air conditioner. They also do not involve high maintenance charges making them a suitable cooling device for a vast majority of people. To be precise, air coolers can be bought for 3,000 to 15,000 INR.

Air coolers are pretty durable provided there is frequent cleaning and conventional use of the appliance. Also, cleaning and maintaining an air cooler doesn’t necessarily require a professional. It can easily be done by the user with the help of the manual.

Air Conditioners

Air conditioners are associated with a high initial cost as well as a high maintenance cost. The general price range for air conditioners is around 25,000 to 50,000 INR.

All working inefficiencies are required to be rectified by a professional. So, every visit by the service provider adds up to the total investment in the AC. It can be a tough task to manage such high expenses for an average middle-class household.

2. Installation

Air Coolers

Air coolers need no actual installation. Once, you get them at the desired spot of the room, all you have to do is to locate an active socket nearby. Plug it in and let it handle the rest! This holds true for all types of air coolers.

Air Conditioners

Installing an air conditioner at the desired site can be a hideous job. It is very likely that you might need a hand from a professional. Subsequently, you are bound to face added expenses.

3. Electricity Consumption

Air Coolers

Air coolers on the other hand are far more energy efficient. They consume mere 20% of energy as compared to air conditioners. Energy conservation being one of the most desirable features in any electrical appliance these days, air coolers top the chart. Despite working on such low energy consumption, the performance of air coolers has been at par.

Air Conditioners

Air conditioners consume a large amount of electricity to function optimally. If someone plans to get an AC anytime soon, they must also be aware of the hike in the electricity bill every month. The actual energy consumption of an air conditioner however depends on numerous factors. Some of them include the number of daily hours of usage, smart thermostats, installation methods and energy efficiency of the model. Whatever be the permutations, ACs do consume a considerable amount of energy while in operation.

4. Environmental Considerations

Air Coolers

There are absolutely no environmental hazards generated due to the use of air coolers. Evaporative air coolers work on the principle of evaporation. That means, the cold air produced is cooled down using the energy from outside hot air. There is no involvement of any chemical interaction whatsoever.

Air Conditioners

Air conditioning has been found to negatively impact our environment. The gases released during operation like chlorofluorocarbons and hydro-chlorofluorocarbons are a part of green house gases. These gases tend to trap heat and actively deplete the ozone layer. So, the comfort Air Conditions(ACs) provide is at the cost of compromising the environment.

5. Insulation Requirements

Air Coolers

Air coolers need no such prerequisites. They perform exceptionally well in open spaces as well. The only requirement is a constant supply of hot outdoor air and an outlet to push out excess humidity.

Air Conditioners

There is a compulsive need of a closed room for air conditioners to work effectively. They fail to perform at places with open doors and windows.


Although air conditioners offer better cooling, there are numerous negatives associated with them. On the other hand, Air coolers are much more versatile with zero environmental hazards. Air coolers are highly cost-effective and also do not need any professional maintenance. They consume significantly less energy and deliver satisfactory cooling. Furthermore, there are no room insulation prerequisites.

Unlike Air conditioners (ACs), there aren’t any environmental issues associated with using air coolers. So, if there is room for a slight compromise with the precise cooling, it’s time for you to bring home an Air cooler right away. If you’re convinced with the endless list of benefits an air cooler brings along, you may take help from our review of the best air coolers in India in order to get home the perfect match for you.