Types Of Washing Machines

A washing machine is one of the most common domestic appliances in any household today. It’s become an essential commodity because it caters to a basic need, which is washing clothes. Washing clothes is a daily necessity and owning a washing machine makes this process less laborious, hassle-free, and even more hygienic.

With more and more families bringing home washing machines, there is a wide array of options that you can currently find in the market! However, finding the right washing machine can be daunting because the massive amount of options can overwhelm you. However, with the right amount of research and knowing what you want, purchasing a washing machine will be a walk in the park! For instance, you may use our comprehensive washing machine buying guide to begin.

Washing Machine Types

Earlier washing machines were considered a luxury, but in today’s time, most view them as a necessity. Different types of washing machines have different features, and you can buy the one that appeals to you. Here is everything you need to know about all the different types of washing machines that are popular today!

1. Top-Loading Washing Machines

Top-Loading Washing Machines

A top-loading machine is one in which the position of putting clothes into the washing machine is through the drum which is on the top of the machine. There is a lid covering the drum that needs to be lifted to put the clothes. Agitators and impellers are both top-loading washing machines, but they work in two distinct ways. Check some of the best top load washing machines we have reviewed.

A. Top Load Impeller

Impellers use a low-profile cone or disc that rotates/spins to rub clothes against each other to get them clean. Washers with impellers use a less amount of water to optimize the friction of the clothes rubbing against each other. This is what helps deliver gentle, efficient, and thorough cleaning.

B. Top Load Agitator

A Top Load Agitator washing machine has agitators fit inside it. Agitators are tall vertical spindles that are present in the center of the washer. They can be vanned or finned, and they govern the motion in the wash basket. It is a common misconception that agitators can be extremely rough when it comes to washing clothes but instead it just rubs against the fabrics firmly to remove dirt and dust.

Pros And Cons Of Top-Loading Washing Machines


  • Loading and unloading clothes are more convenient in top-loading machines because the door is present at an ideal height and one doesn’t need to go through the trouble of bending and loading clothes.
  • They require less maintenance when compared to front-loading washing machines. This is because there are no issues like mold or mildew that can occur since gravity pulls the water down, preventing it from getting caught in the seals.
  • Top-load washing machines are narrower so they can be installed into smaller spaces, even though nothing can be placed on top of them.
  • They are more affordable when compared to front-loading washing machine options.


  • They use more water when compared to top-loading washing machines, which is harmful environmentally.
  • It has a slower spin speed, which means that your clothes will take more time to dry in a top-load washing machine instead of a front-load one.
  • It uses up more electricity in comparison to a top load washing machine, which is a downside environmentally as well as financially.
  • It is difficult for top loaders to wash larger fabrics like bed sheets or comforters, because they aren’t fully immersed in the water.

2. Front-Loading Washing Machines

Front-Loading Washing Machines

Front-load washing machines are those that have the door to put the clothes present on the side of the machine. A front-load machine also has no agitators and instead has paddles present at the side of the drum. For instance, you may use our comprehensive front load washing machine buying guide to begin.

Pros And Cons Of Front-Loading Washing Machine


  • Front-load washing machines usually spin 33% faster than top loaders, which means your clothes will dry faster.
  • Front-load washing machines use less water and less energy and are more sustainable environmentally and financially.
  • Front-loading washing machines have a larger variety of features to accommodate all fabric types and soil levels.
  • They make less noise in comparison to top loaders because they have a more advanced motor and suspension.


  • Top load washing machines are gentler with fabrics in comparison to front-load ones.
  • Front-load washing machines are also typically more expensive in comparison.
  • They require more maintenance because the issue of mold and mildew can arise if there isn’t good airflow between cycles.
  • If you have joint issues or any kind of knee or back pain, loading and unloading clothes can be extremely tiresome.

Recommended: Top Load Vs Front Load Washing Machine

Other Types Of Washing Machines

1. Fully Automatic Washing Machines

Fully Automatic Washing Machines

A fully automatic washing machine requires absolutely no manual intervention once the clothes have been put into the washing machine. You just need to select the wash function of your choice, and then the machine becomes aware of the amount of water and detergent that needs to be used. The machine automatically performs the wash cycle and the spin cycle, to ensure the clothes are cleaned and dried. Both the processes take place in the same vessel in a fully automatic washing machine. Check some of the best fully automatic washing machines we have reviewed.

Pros And Cons Of Fully Automatic Washing Machines


  • It is extremely convenient because it requires no minimal intervention except pressing a button.
  • They have a wider range of wash programs in comparison to semi-automatic washing machines.
  • They have an inverter control that controls the motor and ensures that it operates at the speed which is ideal for the wash load.
  • Fully automatic machines have an air turbo drying system that speeds up the drying process.
  • The machine also saves electricity, by automatically shutting the machine after the wash cycle was over.


  • They are more expensive in comparison to semi-automatic washing machines.
  • It requires a direct water connection, to ensure the water can enter into the machine.
  • Automatic washing machines use more water and energy in comparison to semi-automatic washing machines.
  • The total load that can be washed at once, is lesser in automatic washing machines when compared to semi automatic ones.

2. Semi Automatic Washing Machines

 Semi Automatic Washing Machines

A semi-automatic washing machine has two separate vessels, for washing and drying. It contains two separate tubs, one for the wash cycle and the other for the spin cycle. The position to put clothes into the machine is through the top. Once the clothes are put into the washer drum, one must add water and detergent depending on the quantity of laundry. One also needs to set the timer for the wash cycle.

After the clothes have been washed properly, they need to be taken out and instructed into the dryer section for partial drying. A semi-automatic machine requires more intervention in comparison to a fully automatic one. However, it is a great budget-friendly option, if you’re looking for an affordable washing machine to start with. For instance, you may use our comprehensive semi automatic washing machine buying guide to begin.

Pros And Cons Of Semi Automatic Washing Machines


  • Semi-automatic washing machines are extremely affordable in comparison to fully automatic washing machines.
  • A semi-automatic washing machine does not require a direct water connection, as water can be poured directly depending on the requirement of the water cycle.
  • The amount of water consumed by a semi-automatic washing machine is comparatively lesser, and so it’s better for the environment.
  • You can add or remove detergent or fabric conditioner in between the wash cycle.
  • Semi-automatic washing machines can also be installed easily and are durable as well.


  • Semi-automatic washing machines require a lot of manual effort, energy and time in comparison to fully automatic ones.
  • When compared to fully automatic washing machines, semi-automatic ones are more rough when dealing with fabrics.
  • If you have a twin-tub semi-automatic washing machine and the wiring is not properly earthed to the home, you need to be extremely careful while moving loads to prevent an electric shock.
  • It requires more space because they have two separate tubs. Fully automatic washing machines are sleeker in comparison.

Recommended: Semi-Automatic Vs Fully Automatic Washing Machine

3. Speciality Washers

convenient and stress free! So what are you waiting for? Start shopping now!Besides the conventional automatic and semi-automatic washing machines, there are also unique types of washing machines that aim to fulfill specific needs and so come under the category of specialty washers.

A. Washing Machine + Dryer Combo

Washing Machine + Dryer Combo

A washer-dryer combination, also known as an all-in-one washer dryer is an individual appliance that has an inbuilt washer and dryer. Both of these are present in a compact single cabinet and perform both washing and drying functions. There are front-load washer dryers as well as top load washer dryers. The advantage of buying a two-in-one washing and drying appliance is that they take up half the space and can be conveniently placed and moved around.

They don’t require manual intervention except adding the water and detergent at the beginning of the wash cycle and choosing a setting. They come with many effective and advanced features including a heater to extract the moisture from the clothes, an automatic power off in case of any situation as well as a child look. All these functions ensure that the fabrics are washed, dried, and cleaned efficiently.

B. Stacked Washing Machine + Dryer

Stacked Washing Machine + Dryer

Often a washer and dryer combo is confused with a stacked washing machine and dryer. While the former is a single application, a stackable washing machine and dryer is a combination of a separate washing machine and a separate clothes dryer. Most washers that come as a part of the stackable washer-dryer combination include cycle options such as normal, heavy-duty, whites, delicates, and so on.

Additional specialty cycles are present in some models sanitize, colours, handwash, deep rinse, soak, and permanent press among others. The biggest advantage of using a stacked washing machine and dryer is that it takes up the floor space of only a single appliance, and so is great for those who are trying to be economical with space.

C. Integrated Washing Machine

Integrated Washing Machine

An integrated washing machine is perfectly fitted into the kitchen system and design. It is installed into one of the cupboard cabinets and they rely on the cupboard for support. Since they are fitted into these cabinets, the spin speed is usually low to ensure that the vibrations do not affect any other kitchen appliances.

The position and fit of the washing machine depend completely on your personal preference and kitchen layout. The fact that the washing machine is inbuilt gives you a uniform look and sleek aesthetic. These washing machines are significantly more expensive and they also come with an installation cost. However, the overall classy finish it adds to the kitchen is what convinces people to go the extra mile.

D. Portable Washing Machine

Types Of Washing Machines 2

Washing machines have undergone massive developments, and a portable washing machine is the newest addition created to simplify the washing and drying process. A portable washing machine is a compact machine that is lightweight and small enough to store away when not in use. It can easily be transported from one place to another and is much cheaper than a full-size washing machine. They are ideal for someone who is looking for maximum mobility, less power consumption, and minimal space usage.


No matter which washing machine you buy, it will fulfill the basic purpose of saving your time, effort, and energy. A washing machine is no longer a luxury, but instead is an inseparable household appliance that will make your life more. If you are on a tight budget you may refer to this guide consisting a cost effective washing machines that are priced as low as 20,000/-

Samarth is a Mechanical engineer from IIT Bombay with deep understanding of machines and the overall market. Samarth has been building machine from over 8 years so all his reviews on November Culture are first hand expert review. He co founded November Culture along with few other industry experts to provide reviews of daily products.